Managing the return of the many individuals who have traveled to conflict zones and the growing number defecting from terrorist groups
is a priority for many countries. Effective and sustainable rehabilitation and reintegration (R&R) programs are essential to addressing
this challenge and preventing violent extremism over the long term. Governments cannot do this work alone and should work with
civil society and other local actors. Effective R&R requires attention and action at the state, community, public discourse, family, and
individual levels. Because R&R is an individual, psychosocial process that requires the sustained engagement and involvement of local
communities, families, and other supportive social networks, civil society has a unique contribution to make. Civil society organizations
(CSOs) often have the trust of and access to the affected individuals and communities in ways that government officials do not.

Here are 10 steps that governments should take for effective R&R efforts.

What The Women Say

“ We are not a project. It is a matter of life for millions of people.”

— Woman peacebuilder

What The Women Say

“ Help us talk, don't just arm us to kill.”

— Syrian woman activist

What The Women Say

“Do not tell us that it’s not time to fight for our rights. There’s no convenient time; we have to always be fighting.”

— Pakistani women’s rights activist

What The Women Say

“State prisons are feeding the pool of foreign fighters… many are radicalized during incarceration.”

— Tajik woman lawyer

What The Women Say

“I say Jihad is not spilling or wasting blood in the streets, it is giving blood in hospitals to people who need it.”

— Iraqi woman peacebuilder

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